Integration of varied approaches to data collection and/or analysis is an essential defining feature of mixed methods research. Integration has been defined as purposeful interdependence between methods within a project, with the expectation that benefits will flow from it. Integration occurs through iterative exchange during the conduct of a project, and through planning of one or more ‘points of interface’ between methods – points at which different approaches are deliberately brought together.
Coherent design supporting integration involves consideration of common purposes and paradigms as well as planning for the practicalities of sequencing, sampling, data sources, and teamwork. Coherent analysis supporting integration gives consideration to all available data, combines data and analyses in variations on one or more of six ways, and will become especially evident in the presentation of the results, discussion and conclusions of a study.
This presentation will unpack the concept of integration, with its implications for practice in a mixed methods environment.
Pat Bazeley is Director of Research Support P/L and Adjunct Professor in the Translational Research and Social Innovation Centre at Western Sydney University. Since graduating in psychology she has worked in community development, project consulting and in academic research development. For almost 30 years Pat has been providing research training and project consulting to academics, graduate students and practitioners representing a wide range of disciplines across Australia and internationally. Her particular expertise is in helping researchers to make sense of qualitative, survey, and mixed methods data, and to use computer programs for management and analysis of data. Pat’s research has focused on qualitative and mixed methods data analysis, the development and performance of researchers, and the wellbeing of older women. She has published books, chapters, and articles on mixed methods and qualitative data analysis. She serves on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Mixed Methods Research and Qualitative Health Research, and was 2015–2016 President of the Mixed Methods International Research Association.